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Exploring the Ninth Yoga Sutra: The Foundation of Steadiness and Calm



The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, an ancient collection of aphorisms, offer profound insights into the practice and philosophy of yoga. Each sutra encapsulates timeless wisdom, guiding practitioners on their journey towards spiritual awakening and inner peace. The ninth sutra, though concise, holds significant importance in the path of yoga. Let us delve into the meaning and implications of the ninth yoga sutra.


Vyutthāna-nirodha-saṁskārayoḥ abhibhava-prādurbhāvau nirodha-kṣaṇa-cittānvayo nirodha-pariṇāmaḥ


व्युत्थाननिरोधसंस्कारयोः अभिभवप्रादुर्भावौ निरोधक्षणचित्तान्वयो निरोधपरिणाम:


The ninth yoga sutra talks about how our minds can move from being busy and active to being calm and controlled. This happens when the tendency to calm down (restraint) becomes stronger and the tendency to be active (emergence) becomes weaker. This change is marked by a moment where the mind is briefly very calm, showing that it's starting to move towards being more restrained.


The sutra introduces the idea of nirodha-pariṇāma, which means the process of the mind becoming more controlled and less chaotic. It talks about two kinds of tendencies in our mind:

  1. Vyutthāna-saṁskāras (impressions of emergence): These are the habits and thoughts that make our mind active and restless.

  2. Nirodha-saṁskāras (impressions of restraint): These are the habits and thoughts that help calm our mind and keep it focused.

The sutra explains that our mind is always switching between these two states, and the goal is to make the calming tendencies stronger than the restless ones.



The transformation towards mental restraint is not instantaneous; it is a gradual process marked by the following stages:


  1. Abhibhava (Suppression): The suppression of vyutthāna-saṁskāras occurs when the impressions leading to mental fluctuations are subdued. This happens through consistent practice and the development of inner awareness.

  2. Prādurbhāva (Rise): The rise of nirodha-saṁskāras is facilitated by cultivating mindfulness, concentration, and the application of yogic techniques. As these impressions become stronger, they create a foundation for mental restraint.

  3. Nirodha-kṣaṇa (Moment of Restraint): This stage refers to the momentary experience of mental restraint when the mind is free from fluctuations. It signifies the transition towards a more stable state of mind.

  4. Cittānvaya (Mental Correlation): The mind begins to correlate with the state of restraint. This means that the nirodha-saṁskāras become more predominant, leading to a sustained experience of calmness and focus.

  5. Nirodha-pariṇāma (Transformation): This is the culmination of the process, where the mind undergoes a significant transformation towards a state of restraint. It marks the establishment of mental steadiness and inner peace.

Understanding and applying the wisdom of the ninth yoga sutra can significantly enhance one's yoga practice and daily life. Here are some practical implications:


  1. Consistent Practice: Regular practice of yoga and meditation helps in the gradual suppression of vyutthāna-saṁskāras and the cultivation of nirodha-saṁskāras.

  2. Mindfulness: Developing mindfulness in everyday activities aids in recognizing and controlling the tendencies that lead to mental fluctuations.

  3. Inner Awareness: By fostering inner awareness, one can observe the mind's oscillations and work towards creating a balanced state of calm and focus.

  4. Patience and Perseverance: The transformation towards mental restraint is a gradual process that requires patience and perseverance. Practitioners must remain committed to their practice, even in the face of challenges.


The ninth yoga sutra provides a profound insight into the journey towards mental steadiness and calm. By understanding the interplay between vyutthāna-saṁskāras and nirodha-saṁskāras, and by diligently applying yogic principles, practitioners can cultivate a state of inner peace and transformation. The wisdom encapsulated in this sutra serves as a guiding light for those seeking to deepen their practice and experience the true essence of yoga.


None of this is easy, but what else is there to do?


Hari Om Tat Sat

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