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The Third Yoga Sutra - A Deep Dive into Yogic Concentration



The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, a seminal text in the tradition of yoga, offers profound insights into the nature of the mind and the path to spiritual enlightenment. The third sutra, "Tadā drastuh svarūpe avasthānam," holds a significant place in this spiritual guide, offering a concise yet profound teaching on the nature of true self-awareness and concentration.


The third sutra can be translated as: "Then the seer abides in his own true nature." Breaking this down, we find layers of meaning that have been interpreted and reinterpreted by scholars and practitioners over centuries.


  • "Tadā" translates to "then," implying a condition or state that follows a previous one.

  • "Drastuh" means "the seer" or "the observer," referring to the pure consciousness or soul that witnesses experiences.

  • "Svarūpe" translates to "in his own true nature," indicating a state of pure being.

  • "Avasthānam" means "abides" or "dwells," suggesting a state of stable presence.

In essence, the third sutra suggests that when the fluctuations of the mind (vrittis) are stilled (as described in the second sutra, "Yoga chitta vritti nirodhah"), the true self, or the seer, can rest in its natural state.


To fully appreciate the third sutra, it's essential to consider its place within the broader framework of the Yoga Sutras. The first sutra, "Atha yoga anushasanam," introduces the practice of yoga. The second, "Yoga chitta vritti nirodhah," defines yoga as the cessation of the mind's fluctuations. The third sutra follows logically, presenting the outcome of this cessation: the seer resting in its true nature.


The seer, or purusha, is a central concept in the Yoga Sutras. It is the innermost essence of an individual, distinct from the mind, body, and emotions. The process of yoga is essentially about disentangling this pure consciousness from the various layers of experience and identity that cloud its true nature.


The third sutra provides profound practical implications for yoga practitioners:


  1. Cultivating Stillness: To experience the state described in the third sutra, practitioners must work diligently to still the mind. This involves regular meditation, mindfulness, and other practices aimed at reducing mental noise and distractions.

  2. Self-Realization: The sutra underscores the ultimate goal of yoga—self-realization. By abiding in one's true nature, practitioners move beyond mere physical and mental wellness to experience a deep, unshakeable sense of being.

  3. Witness Consciousness: Understanding and experiencing the state of the seer is central to many meditative practices. It involves developing the ability to witness thoughts, emotions, and sensations without becoming entangled in them. This witness consciousness is a step toward the realization of the purusha.

In today's fast-paced world, the teachings of the third yoga sutra are more relevant than ever. With constant external stimuli and internal mental chatter, achieving a state of mental stillness can seem daunting. However, the third sutra offers hope and a clear goal: by quieting the mind, one can discover their true self, a source of peace and stability amidst the chaos.


One can integrate this wisdom into their daily lives by:


  • Setting Intentions: Begin each day with the intention to observe the mind and cultivate inner stillness.

  • Regular Meditation: Commit to a daily meditation practice to systematically train the mind in stillness and observation.

  • Mindful Living: Practice mindfulness throughout the day, bringing attention to the present moment and observing experiences without judgment.


The third sutra of Patanjali's Yoga Sutras is a profound statement on the nature of true self-awareness and the ultimate goal of yoga. By understanding and embodying this teaching, practitioners can move towards a state of abiding in their true nature, experiencing the peace and clarity that comes with it. This journey, while challenging, offers a path to deep inner fulfillment and spiritual awakening.


Hari Om Tat Sat

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